Dysmenorrhoea is the term used to describe painful periods. It is categorized into primary dysmenorrhoea and secondary dysmenorrhoea.
Primary dysmenorrhoea is normal painful menstruation which the muscles of the uterus squeeze and contract harder than normal to dislodge the thickened lining (endometrium). These contractions may also reduce blood flow to the uterus that causes pain.
Symptoms of primary dysmenorrhoea include pain in the abdomen within the first 24 hours when the period starts.
Secondary dysmenorrhea is menstrual pain that is generally related to some kind of gynaecologic disorder, such as fibroids, ovarian cyst or tumour, or womb infection.
Symptoms of secondary dysmenorrhoea include more painful period after several years, vaginal discharge and heavier bleeding.
In 2012, a study in Korea found that aromatherapy massages using a combination of essential oils significantly reduced menstrual cramps in women after only the first day of treatment. The use of essential oils for menstrual cramps also provide therapeutic effects and relieve the anxiety and stress faced during the menstrual cycle.
Add the essential oil to a carrier oil and massage over the abdomen and lower back to ease the pain.
Another method of relieving menstrual discomfort is to apply a warm compress to the lower abdomen during menstruation also help to relieve cramping discomfort.
-Modify diet by eliminating food high in refined sugar or salt, contains polyhydrogenated or trans fats that may contribute to the pains.
-Magnesium supplement may reduce menstrual cramps severity as it relax smooth muscle tissue that is responsible for uterine contraction during menses. Vitamin A also has a vital role that regulate estrogen to make period less uncomfortable.
-Place a heating pad or hot water bottle on tummy or lower back or consider taking a warm bath for some relief.
-Exercise increase blood circulation that relieve cramps and lower stress that can make cramps worse. Consider gentle, low-impact exercises such as walking, aerobic or yoga.